int_fast16_t as an "integer types being usually fastest having at least the specified width", and Microsoft define it as a 32-bit integer in MSVC 2010:
typedef char int_fast8_t; typedef int int_fast16_t; typedef int int_fast32_t; typedef unsigned char uint_fast8_t; typedef unsigned int uint_fast16_t; typedef unsigned int uint_fast32_t;
Yet, Microsoft have set the limits to not reflect the actual underlying data type:
#define INT_FAST8_MIN (-0x7f - _C2) #define INT_FAST16_MIN (-0x7fff - _C2) #define INT_FAST32_MIN (-0x7fffffff - _C2) #define INT_FAST8_MAX 0x7f #define INT_FAST16_MAX 0x7fff #define INT_FAST32_MAX 0x7fffffff #define UINT_FAST8_MAX 0xff #define UINT_FAST16_MAX 0xffff #define UINT_FAST32_MAX 0xffffffff
One would assume that the intent of the standard would be to look like this:
#define INT_FAST16_MIN (-0x7fffffff - _C2) #define INT_FAST16_MAX 0x7fffffff #define UINT_FAST16_MAX 0xffffffff
Otherwise this makes the constants completely redundant?
Edit: Example of NetBSD setting as expected:
/* Maximum values of fastest minimum-width signed integer types. */ #define INT_FAST8_MAX INT32_MAX #define INT_FAST16_MAX INT32_MAX #define INT_FAST32_MAX INT32_MAX #define INT_FAST64_MAX INT64_MAX
It's a bug. MSVC is a C++ compiler and Microsoft has never focused on supporting newer C standards. VS 2010 is the first MSVC version that has
<stdint.h> so unsurprisingly there'd be many issues.
Herb Sutter, a software architect at Microsoft, and chair of the ISO C++ standards committee, has written that
1. Our primary goal is to support "most of C99/C11 that is a subset of ISO C++98/C++11."
VC++ 2010 already fully supports the C subset of C++98, including things like
<stdint.h>and declarations in the middle of a block.[*] The C subset of C++98 is approximately C95 (with very few incompatibilities with C95; i.e., there are very few cases where legal C95 code has a different meaning or is invalid in C++98) plus a few C99 features like declaring variables in the middle of blocks).
But the first version that actually supports some C99 features is VS 2013 with more features introduced in VS2015
C99 Conformance Visual Studio 2015 fully implements the C99 Standard Library, with the exception of any library features that depend on compiler features not yet supported by the Visual C++ compiler (for example, is not implemented).
But even nowadays VS 2017 and VS 2019 still don't support all features of C99/C11
The compiler’s support for C99 Preprocessor rules is incomplete in Visual Studio 2017. We're overhauling the preprocessor, and began shipping those changes in Visual Studio 2017 version 15.8 with the /experimental:preprocessor compiler switch.
I couldn't install VS2010 but I checked with VS 2012 and see that the definitions in stdint.h was fixed. Here's the relevant part in
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\VC\include\stdint.h
... typedef signed char int_fast8_t; typedef int int_fast16_t; typedef int int_fast32_t; typedef long long int_fast64_t; typedef unsigned char uint_fast8_t; typedef unsigned int uint_fast16_t; typedef unsigned int uint_fast32_t; typedef unsigned long long uint_fast64_t; ... #define INT_FAST8_MIN INT8_MIN #define INT_FAST16_MIN INT32_MIN #define INT_FAST32_MIN INT32_MIN #define INT_FAST64_MIN INT64_MIN #define INT_FAST8_MAX INT8_MAX #define INT_FAST16_MAX INT32_MAX #define INT_FAST32_MAX INT32_MAX #define INT_FAST64_MAX INT64_MAX #define UINT_FAST8_MAX UINT8_MAX #define UINT_FAST16_MAX UINT32_MAX #define UINT_FAST32_MAX UINT32_MAX #define UINT_FAST64_MAX UINT64_MAX ... /* * Copyright (c) 1992-2012 by P.J. Plauger. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. * Consult your license regarding permissions and restrictions. V6.00:0009 */
The header in VS 2013 is the same
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