Using multiple versions of the same DLL

28

I've been tasked in creating a new module for an application, and so, I'm adding new DLLs to the project. This is all fine and well.

However, in my DLLs I'd like to use a new version of an external DLL (over which I have no control). If I just reference the new DLL and work with that one only, my code will work, but the old code will stop functioning.

Could not load file or assembly 'itextsharp, Version=5.0.6.0, Culture=neutral,
PublicKeyToken=8354ae6d2174ddca' or one of its dependencies. The located assembly's
manifest definition does not match the assembly reference. (Exception from HRESULT:
0x80131040)

I've tried a simple trick of changing the DLLs name, but that apparently was a bit too naive of me, to think it would work. I've tried using the external aliases (by defining them in my references), but I still don't know how to get two files with the same name into one BIN folder...

What should I do?

c#
visual-studio-2010
.net-4.0
reference
asked on Stack Overflow May 6, 2011 by Shaamaan

5 Answers

17

You can load another version into a specific AppDomain

Possibly too detailed, but here is an article that demonstrates the use of AppDomains in a useful setting and how they work:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/cc164072.aspx

In a very basic sense it comes down to this sample code:

    AppDomain.CurrentDomain.AssemblyResolve += new ResolveEventHandler(CurrentDomain_AssemblyResolve);
    ...

    static System.Reflection.Assembly CurrentDomain_AssemblyResolve(object sender, ResolveEventArgs args)
    {
        if (/*some condition*/)
            return Assembly.LoadFrom("DifferentDllFolder\\differentVersion.dll");
        else
            return Assembly.LoadFrom("");
    }
answered on Stack Overflow May 6, 2011 by sehe • edited Sep 8, 2015 by Shaamaan
16

Let's assume you have a project structure as follows:

Project Diagram

...where A and B are class libraries, and C is an executable-type project (such as a unit test or console project).

Let's assume the folder structure is like this:

ABC.sln
A/A.csproj
A/...
B/B.csproj
B/...
C/C.csproj
C/...
lib/thirdparty4/thirdparty.dll
lib/thirdparty5/thirdparty.dll

If we attempted to naively reference our projects together, we'd have a problem: two versions of thirdparty.dll will be copied into the same folder (the output (i.e., bin) directory of C). We need a way for C to copy both dlls into its output directory, and provide a mechanism for referencing either one.

To solve this, I modified C.csproj to contain the following:

<ItemGroup>
  <Content Include="..\lib\thirdparty4\thirdparty.dll">
    <CopyToOutputDirectory>PreserveNewest</CopyToOutputDirectory>
    <Link>thirdparty4\thirdparty.dll</Link>
  </Content>
  <Content Include="..\lib\thirdparty5\thirdparty.dll">
    <CopyToOutputDirectory>PreserveNewest</CopyToOutputDirectory>
    <Link>thirdparty5\thirdparty.dll</Link>
  </Content>
</ItemGroup>

This will instruct it to create both thirdparty4\thirdparty.dll and thirdparty5\thirdparty.dll in its output directory.

Now, after building C, its output directory looks like this:

C\bin\Debug\A.dll
C\bin\Debug\B.dll
C\bin\Debug\C.dll
C\bin\Debug\thirdparty4\thirdparty.dll
C\bin\Debug\thirdparty5\thirdparty.dll

To instruct C to use both of these dlls, I added an App.config file to it, with the following:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
  <runtime>
    <assemblyBinding xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1">
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="thirdparty" culture="neutral" publicKeyToken="1234567890123445"/>
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="4.0.0.0-4.0.0.0" newVersion="4.0.0.0" />
        <codeBase version="4.0.0.0" href="thirdparty4\thirdparty.dll" />
      </dependentAssembly>
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="thirdparty" culture="neutral" publicKeyToken="1234567890123445"/>
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="5.0.0.0-5.0.0.0" newVersion="5.0.0.0" />
        <codeBase version="5.0.0.0" href="thirdparty5\thirdparty.dll" />
      </dependentAssembly>
    </assemblyBinding>
  </runtime>
</configuration>

This will instruct the assembly to, depending on which version is in need, use one DLL or the other, both of which will be available within subfolders of the output directory. (The bindingRedirect elements are optional, but you can use them if you need a range of revisions for this to apply to.)

answered on Stack Overflow May 9, 2018 by Jay Sullivan • edited May 10, 2018 by Jay Sullivan
5

Another viable option is to use extern, as described here:

http://blogs.msdn.com/b/abhinaba/archive/2005/11/30/498278.aspx

answered on Stack Overflow Jun 29, 2012 by fozylet
3

If the AppDomains solution isn't applicable in your case, you are under time pressure, have conflicting requirements (like that ever happens), and don't mind ridiculously contrived hacks:

  • Decompile the newer version of the assembly using the ildasm tool (part of the Developer Command Prompt included with Visual Studio)
  • Edit the generated .il file to find/replace the assembly namespace references. Using the cited example, this would be a change from itextsharp.X to itextsharp.new.X
  • Likewise, edit the value for the AssemblyTitleAttribute. This requires translating the ASCII characters to hex.
  • Recompile the .il file using ilasm
  • Note that this may need to be repeated for any dependent assemblies (e.g. - someassembly.core.whatever)
  • Add the new .dlls to your project with a different name and reference them explicitly (rather than via nuget or whatever)

Hey, don't look at me like that. I did say ridiculously contrived hack ...

answered on Stack Overflow Feb 28, 2018 by Vecht
1

You can also rely on assembly binding redirection for your strong named assembly as described in http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/2fc472t2.aspx.

You would only have one version of the file (the latest), and both references would resolve to it.

answered on Stack Overflow May 6, 2011 by fsimonazzi

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