Clang 8 with MinGW-w64: How do I use address- & UB sanitizers?

9

Clang 8 release notes have this promising line:

  • Allow using Address Sanitizer and Undefined Behaviour Sanitizer on MinGW.

However, I unable to figure out how to use those properly.

I'm using Clang 8.0.0 with MSYS2 MinGW GCC. Exact details are at the bottom of the question.

I'm trying to compile following minimal piece of code:

1.cpp

#include <iostream>

int main()
{
    // Testing ubsan
    int x = 0x7fffffff;
    x++;
    std::cout << x << std::endl;

    // Testing asan
    int *y = new int;
    delete y;
    std::cout << *y << std::endl;
}

Here are results for -fsanitize=address:

# /z/Lander/LLVM/bin/clang++ -target x86_64-w64-windows-gnu -fsanitize=address 1.cpp
Z:\Lander\msys2\mingw64\bin\ld.exe: cannot find Z:\Lander\LLVM\lib\clang\8.0.0\lib\windows\libclang_rt.asan_dynamic-x86_64.dll.a: No such file or directory
Z:\Lander\msys2\mingw64\bin\ld.exe: cannot find Z:\Lander\LLVM\lib\clang\8.0.0\lib\windows\libclang_rt.asan_dynamic_runtime_thunk-x86_64.a: No such file or directory
Z:\Lander\msys2\mingw64\bin\ld.exe: cannot find Z:\Lander\LLVM\lib\clang\8.0.0\lib\windows\libclang_rt.asan_dynamic_runtime_thunk-x86_64.a: No such file or directory
clang++: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)

And here is -fsanitize=undefined:

# /z/Lander/LLVM/bin/clang++ -target x86_64-w64-windows-gnu -fsanitize=undefined 1.cpp
Warning: corrupt .drectve at end of def file
Z:\Lander\msys2\tmp\1-13f09e.o:1.cpp:(.text+0x9f): undefined reference to `__ubsan_handle_add_overflow'
Z:\Lander\msys2\tmp\1-13f09e.o:1.cpp:(.text+0xef): undefined reference to `__ubsan_handle_type_mismatch_v1'
Z:\Lander\msys2\tmp\1-13f09e.o:1.cpp:(.text+0x148): undefined reference to `__ubsan_handle_type_mismatch_v1'
Z:\Lander\msys2\tmp\1-13f09e.o:1.cpp:(.text+0x196): undefined reference to `__ubsan_handle_type_mismatch_v1'
Z:\Lander\msys2\tmp\1-13f09e.o:1.cpp:(.text+0x1df): undefined reference to `__ubsan_handle_type_mismatch_v1'
Z:\Lander\msys2\tmp\1-13f09e.o:1.cpp:(.text+0x22c): undefined reference to `__ubsan_handle_type_mismatch_v1'
clang++: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)

Here are the contents of Z:\Lander\LLVM\lib\clang\8.0.0\lib\windows\ where it looks for libraries:

clang_rt.asan-preinit-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.asan-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.asan_cxx-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.asan_dll_thunk-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.asan_dynamic-x86_64.dll
clang_rt.asan_dynamic-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.asan_dynamic_runtime_thunk-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.builtins-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.fuzzer-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.fuzzer_no_main-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.profile-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.stats-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.stats_client-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.ubsan_standalone-x86_64.lib
clang_rt.ubsan_standalone_cxx-x86_64.lib

This doesn't look right, since the MinGW GCC normally works with .a libraries, not .lib.

I tried to manually link various libraries from that directory.

For asan, I managed to get rid of compiler errors, but the asan itself doesn't seem to emit any diagnostics:

# /z/Lander/LLVM/bin/clang++ -target x86_64-w64-windows-gnu -fsanitize=address 1.cpp -c
# /z/Lander/LLVM/bin/clang++ -target x86_64-w64-windows-gnu 1.o /z/Lander/LLVM/lib/clang/8.0.0/lib/windows/clang_rt.asan_dynamic-x86_64.lib
# ./a.exe
-2147483648
5089296         <- expected a diagnostic here

For ubsan, I tried to link against clang_rt.ubsan_standalone-x86_64.lib, but got more undefined references and several Warning: corrupt .drectve at end of def file.

I did some research on Warning: corrupt .drectve at end of def file, and this question suggests that it means I'm linking incompatible MSVC libraries.

What's going on here? How am I supposed to use asan & ubsan?


All commands above were run from MSYS2 terminal, running on Windows 7 x64.

I'm targeting x86_64 and using latest GCC available in MSYS2:

# g++ --version
g++.exe (Rev2, Built by MSYS2 project) 8.3.0

Clang from MSYS2 doesn't seem to have asan & ubsan libraries bundled, so I'm using the official build from llvm.org:

# /z/Lander/LLVM/bin/clang++ --version
clang version 8.0.0 (tags/RELEASE_800/final)
Target: x86_64-pc-windows-msvc
Thread model: posix
InstalledDir: Z:\Lander\LLVM\bin

I'm using -target x86_64-w64-windows-gnu because otherwise Clang tries to use a MSVC installation, which I don't have. This specific triplet is what MSYS2 clang reports in reponse to --version.

c++
clang
mingw-w64
address-sanitizer
ubsan
asked on Stack Overflow Apr 2, 2019 by HolyBlackCat

0 Answers

Nobody has answered this question yet.


User contributions licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0