Issue when trying to connect to Oracle DB in C#


I am trying to connect to an Oracle DB using the following method:

OracleConnection con = new OracleConnection();
con.ConnectionString = "User ID=ID;Password=PASSWORD;Data Source=SOURCE";
write("connected to oracle " + con.ServerVersion);

But every time I run the program I get the error:

[2018-11-01 09:29:19.705] System.BadImageFormatException: Could not load file or assembly 'Oracle.DataAccess, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=PUBLIC_KEY' or one of its dependencies. An attempt was made to load a program with an incorrect format. File name: 'Oracle.DataAccess, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=PUBLIC_KEY' at adrentech_previous_day.Program.processFile() at adrentech_previous_day.Program.Main() in DIRECTORY\program:line 25

=== Pre-bind state information === LOG: DisplayName = Oracle.DataAccess, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=PUBLIC_KEY (Fully-specified) LOG: Appbase = file:///DIRECTORY LOG: Initial PrivatePath = NULL Calling assembly : adrentech_previous_day, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null. === LOG: This bind starts in default load context. LOG: Using application configuration file: DIRECTORY\program.vshost.exe.Config LOG: Using host configuration file: LOG: Using machine configuration file from C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\config\machine.config. LOG: Post-policy reference: Oracle.DataAccess, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=PUBLIC_KEY LOG: Attempting download of new URL file:///DIRECTORY/Oracle.DataAccess.DLL. ERR: Failed to complete setup of assembly (hr = 0x8007000b). Probing terminated.

Any suggestions?

asked on Stack Overflow Nov 1, 2018 by parrigin777

1 Answer


Most likely your compile target is .NET Framework 4.0 (or higher) but you installed the ODP.NET version 2.x - they don't work together.

One solution is to use the ODP.NET Managed Driver - which you did already. However, there is also anther solution, see The provider is not compatible with the version of Oracle client

Now the second problem regarding ORA-12154: TNS:could not resolve the connect identifier specified

ODP.NET Managed Driver uses a different method to find the sqlnet.ora and tnsnames.ora (and ldap.ora, if used) files than the unmanaged driver, see Determining location of relevant tnsnames.ora file

The unmanaged drivers searches folder %ORACLE_HOME%\network\admin and reads Registry key HKLM\SOFTWARE\ORACLE\KEY_OraClient11g_home1\TNS_ADMIN, the ODP.NET Managed Driver does not.

The ODP.NET Managed Driver retrieves location of tnsnames.ora from your .NET config file, i.e. machine.config. You can modify the file manually (see Oracle Data Provider for .NET, Managed Driver Configuration) or use a batch script as below (pick x64 or x86 lines which are relevant for you and change folder names according to your machine)

set Oracle_x64=c:\oracle\product\11.2\Client_x64\
set Oracle_x86=c:\oracle\product\11.2\Client_x86\


set TNS_ADMIN=C:\oracle\network\admin

"%OraProvCfg_x64%" /action:config /product:odpm /frameworkversion:v4.0.30319 /providerpath:%Oracle_x64%\managed\common\Oracle.ManagedDataAccess.dll /set:settings\TNS_ADMIN:%TNS_ADMIN%
"%OraProvCfg_x86%" /action:config /product:odpm /frameworkversion:v4.0.30319 /providerpath:%Oracle_x86%\managed\common\Oracle.ManagedDataAccess.dll /set:settings\TNS_ADMIN:%TNS_ADMIN%

Or set TNS_ADMIN as Environment variable which should work in any case.

User contributions licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0