Store Entity Framework Core SQLite file in project-relative subdirectory


I have an ASP.NET Core 2.0 app using Entity Framework Core and the SQLite Provider. I am trying to store the SQLite database file in a subdirectory (specifically data\database\sqlite.db) however if I set the Connection String to Data Source=data\database\sqlite.db I get the following exception as soon as I run dbContext.Database.Migrate():

Microsoft.Data.Sqlite.SqliteException (0x80004005): SQLite Error 14: 'unable to open database file'.

If I set it to Data Source=sqlite.db it works as expected without throwing exceptions (but not in the directory I need it to be stored in). What do I need to do to store the SQLite database file in a sub-directory relative to the current working directory?

For the sake of context: I need the SQLite database file stored in a sub-directory because this app is running in a Docker Container, this specific directory is mapped to a Docker volume so the database persists when the container is replaced.

asked on Stack Overflow Mar 30, 2018 by TC Fox

2 Answers


You should modify to "Data Source=./data/database/sqlite.db"

"DefaultConnection": "DataSource=./data/database/sqlite.db"

answered on Stack Overflow Aug 30, 2019 by Glauco Silva Alves • edited Aug 30, 2019 by tituszban

I had a similar problem. I suppose that you are running your app in a .NET Core environment. You can do this in your "DbContext" class:

internal class YourDbContext : DbContext
    protected override void OnConfiguring(DbContextOptionsBuilder options)
        string baseDir = AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory;

        //if "bin" is present, remove all the path starting from "bin" word
        if (baseDir.Contains("bin"))
            int index = baseDir.IndexOf("bin");
            baseDir = baseDir.Substring(0, index);

        //String interpolation to reach the right path
        options.UseSqlite($"Data Source={baseDir}YourFolderName\\SQLite.db");

    public DbSet<YourEntity> Pluto { get; set; }

answered on Stack Overflow Dec 1, 2020 by MarGraz

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