Using DataTable as a Table Valued Parameter in EF Core 2.0

2

[Updated problem description] We have a bulk import process for which we were passing IEnumerable<SqlDataRecord> as a Table Valued Parameter (TVP) to a Stored Proc, as DataTable Type was not available until EF Core 1.1. We just upgraded our project to use .Net Core 2.0 and started updating the code to use DataTable. The ExecuteSqlCommandAsync command started throwing an InvalidCastException. Here are the exception details:

System.InvalidCastException occurred
  HResult=0x80004002
  Message=Failed to convert parameter value from a DataTable to a IEnumerable`1.
  Source=<Cannot evaluate the exception source>
  StackTrace:
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlParameter.CoerceValue(Object value, MetaType destinationType, Boolean& coercedToDataFeed, Boolean& typeChanged, Boolean allowStreaming)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlParameter.GetCoercedValue()
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlParameter.Validate(Int32 index, Boolean isCommandProc)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.BuildParamList(TdsParser parser, SqlParameterCollection parameters)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.BuildExecuteSql(CommandBehavior behavior, String commandText, SqlParameterCollection parameters, _SqlRPC& rpc)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteReaderTds(CommandBehavior cmdBehavior, RunBehavior runBehavior, Boolean returnStream, Boolean async, Int32 timeout, Task& task, Boolean asyncWrite, SqlDataReader ds)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.RunExecuteReader(CommandBehavior cmdBehavior, RunBehavior runBehavior, Boolean returnStream, TaskCompletionSource`1 completion, Int32 timeout, Task& task, Boolean asyncWrite, String method)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.InternalExecuteNonQuery(TaskCompletionSource`1 completion, Boolean sendToPipe, Int32 timeout, Boolean asyncWrite, String methodName)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.BeginExecuteNonQuery(AsyncCallback callback, Object stateObject)
   at System.Threading.Tasks.TaskFactory`1.FromAsyncImpl(Func`3 beginMethod, Func`2 endFunction, Action`1 endAction, Object state, TaskCreationOptions creationOptions)
   at System.Threading.Tasks.TaskFactory`1.FromAsync(Func`3 beginMethod, Func`2 endMethod, Object state)
   at System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand.ExecuteNonQueryAsync(CancellationToken cancellationToken)
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Storage.Internal.RelationalCommand.<ExecuteAsync>d__26.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.RelationalDatabaseFacadeExtensions.<ExecuteSqlCommandAsync>d__11.MoveNext()
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter`1.GetResult()
   at X.Y.Repositories.Repository.<Import>d__4.MoveNext() in Repository.cs:line 95
   at System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.ExceptionDispatchInfo.Throw()
   at System.Runtime.CompilerServices.TaskAwaiter.HandleNonSuccessAndDebuggerNotification(Task task)
   at X.Y.Services.ImportService`2.<BulkImportAsync>d__6.MoveNext() in ImportService.cs:line 70

Inner Exception 1:
InvalidCastException: Object must implement IConvertible.

This is how I am calling the stored proc:

var dataTable = new DataTable();
dataTable.Columns.Add("Col1", typeof(String));
dataTable.Columns.Add("Col2", typeof(String)); //and so on

foreach (var record in records)
{
    var row = dataTable.NewRow();
    SetStringValue(row, "Col1", record.Field1); //SetStringValue is just a helper method that assigns DBNull.Value if the field value is null. 
    SetStringValue(row, "Col2", record.Field2); //and so on

    dataTable.Rows.Add(row);
}

var param = new SqlParameter("@Records", dataTable)
{
    TypeName = "TVPRecords",
    SqlDbType = SqlDbType.Structured
};

await _dbContext.Database.ExecuteSqlCommandAsync("EXEC dbo.ImportData @Records", param);

With DataTable now available in EF Core 2.0, I still can't use it to pass as a TVP to a Stored Proc. Is it because its not supported yet or may be a bug?

c#
entity-framework
entity-framework-core
table-valued-parameters
asked on Stack Overflow May 14, 2017 by Karthikeyan • edited May 15, 2017 by Karthikeyan

1 Answer

5

The only possible error I could find in your code is the SqlParameter TypeName. Yours is not fully qualified, I needed to include the schema, i.e. "dbo.".

I'm using EFCore 2.0.2 and EFCore.SqlServer 2.0.2

This is my code:

            DataTable table = new DataTable();
            table.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("FieldId", typeof(int)));
            table.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Value", typeof(double)));
            foreach (Value v in NewRows)
            {
                DataRow row = table.NewRow();
                row["FieldId"] = v.FieldId;
                row["Value"] = v.Value;
                table.Rows.Add(row);
            }

            var param = new SqlParameter("@replacementValues", table) { TypeName = "dbo.CustomSqlType", SqlDbType = SqlDbType.Structured };
            await _dbContext.Database.ExecuteSqlCommandAsync("EXEC dbo.UpdateValues @replacementValues", param);
answered on Stack Overflow Aug 15, 2018 by user15741

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