Set custom document properties with Word interop

6

I want to set some custom document properties of a word document I'm creating in my C# code. To do this, I followed this MSDN article and came up with this code:

using Word = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Word; // Version 12.0.0.0
word = new Word.Application();
word.Visible = false;
Word._Document doc = word.Documents.Add(ref missing, ref missing, ref missing, ref missing);
logger.Info("Setting document properties");
Core.DocumentProperties properties = (Core.DocumentProperties)doc.BuiltInDocumentProperties;
properties["Codice_documento"].Value = args[3];
properties["Versione_documento"].Value = args[4];

Unfortunately, I get this error whenever it reaches the code:

HRESULT: 0x80004002 (E_NOINTERFACE)

Why is that? I used the interfaces exactly as described my MSDN, why doesn't it work?

I'm using Interop for office 2010 and .net 3.5

interop
ms-word
vsto
office-2010
office-addins
asked on Stack Overflow Oct 2, 2012 by F.P • edited Dec 7, 2012 by Berkay Turanc─▒

4 Answers

5

You need to use CustomDocumentProperties, not BuiltInDocumentProperties. See MSDN reference on using Custom Document Properties in Word (and MSDN video here). You also need to check if the property exists and create it before trying to assign its value.

Core.DocumentProperties properties = (Core.DocumentProperties)this.Application.ActiveDocument.CustomDocumentProperties;
if (properties.Cast<DocumentProperty>().Where(c => c.Name == "DocumentID").Count() == 0)
  properties.Add("DocumentID", false, MsoDocProperties.msoPropertyTypeString, Guid.NewGuid().ToString());
var docID = properties["DocumentID"].Value.ToString();
answered on Stack Overflow Oct 2, 2012 by SliverNinja - MSFT • edited Oct 2, 2012 by SliverNinja - MSFT
4

After asking the question in the MSDN forums, the answer was brought up. The problem is, that the way I tried was specific to VSTO. Due to my unknowing, I mixed up VSTO, Interop and other definitions, thus tagging this question wrong.

It now works using the following code:

logger.Info("Setting document properties");
object properties = doc.CustomDocumentProperties;
Type propertiesType = properties.GetType();

object[] documentCodeProperty = { "Codice_documento", false, Core.MsoDocProperties.msoPropertyTypeString, args[3] };
object[] documentVersionPoperty = { "Versione_documento", false, Core.MsoDocProperties.msoPropertyTypeString, args[4] };

propertiesType.InvokeMember("Add", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, null, properties, documentCodeProperty);
propertiesType.InvokeMember("Add", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, null, properties, documentVersionPoperty);
answered on Stack Overflow Oct 9, 2012 by F.P • edited Oct 9, 2012 by F.P
0

SliverNinja's answer above is correct. I forgot you had to .Add to the collection until I ported some old VB code. I had to set and read a bunch of doc properties, so here are a couple extension methods to read/write from either the BuiltInDocumentProperties or the CustomDocumentProperties in Word. This is NetOffice code, but you can convert it to VSTO by just changing the using statements.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using NetOffice.OfficeApi;
using NetOffice.OfficeApi.Enums;
using NetOffice.WordApi;

namespace PalabraAddin {
    public static class ExtDocument {

        public static T GetCustomProperty<T>(this Document doc, string name, T defaultValue) {
            return doc.GetProperty(doc.CustomDocumentProperties, name, defaultValue);
        }

        public static T GetBuiltInProperty<T>(this Document doc, string name, T defaultValue) {
            return doc.GetProperty(doc.BuiltInDocumentProperties, name, defaultValue);
        }

        public static T SetCustomProperty<T>(this Document doc, string name, T value) {
            return doc.SetProperty(doc.CustomDocumentProperties, name, value);
        }

        public static T SetBuiltInProperty<T>(this Document doc, string name, T value) {
            return doc.SetProperty(doc.BuiltInDocumentProperties, name, value);
        }

        public static T GetProperty<T>(this Document doc, object collection, string name, T defaultValue) {
            var properties = (DocumentProperties) collection;
            foreach (var prop in properties.Where(prop => prop.Name == name))
                return (T) prop.Value;
            return defaultValue;
        }

        public static T SetProperty<T>(this Document doc, object collection, string name, T value) {
            var properties = (DocumentProperties) collection;
            foreach (var prop in properties.Where(prop => prop.Name == name)) {
                if (!((T) prop.Value).Equals(value))
                    prop.Value = value;
                return value;
            }

            MsoDocProperties propType;
            if (value is Boolean) 
                propType = MsoDocProperties.msoPropertyTypeBoolean;
            else if (value is DateTime)
                propType = MsoDocProperties.msoPropertyTypeDate;
            else if (value is double || value is Single)
                propType = MsoDocProperties.msoPropertyTypeFloat;
            else if (value is int)
                propType = MsoDocProperties.msoPropertyTypeNumber;
            else 
                propType = MsoDocProperties.msoPropertyTypeString;

            properties.Add(name, false, propType, value);
            return value;
        }
    }
}
answered on Stack Overflow Mar 8, 2014 by Wade Hatler
0

I solved it using this simple code:

foreach (var property in _WordDoc.CustomDocumentProperties)
{
   if(property.Name == target)
      property.Value = value;
}
answered on Stack Overflow Feb 26, 2020 by Acubo

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