cuda -- out of memory (threads and blocks issue) --Address is out of bounds


I am using 63 registers/thread ,so (32768 is maximum) i can use about 520 threads.I am using now 512 threads in this example.

(The parallelism is in the function "computeEvec" inside global computeEHfields function function.) The problems are:

1) The mem check error below.

2) When i use numPointsRp>2000 it show me "out of memory" ,but (if i am not doing wrong) i compute the global memory and it's ok.


i run the program with cuda-memcheck and it gives me (only when numPointsRs>numPointsRp):

========= Invalid global read of size 4

========= at 0x00000428 in computeEHfields

========= by thread (2,0,0) in block (0,0,0)

========= Address 0x4001076e0 is out of bounds

========= ========= Invalid global read of size 4

========= at 0x00000428 in computeEHfields

========= by thread (1,0,0) in block (0,0,0)

========= Address 0x4001076e0 is out of bounds

========= ========= Invalid global read of size 4

========= at 0x00000428 in computeEHfields

========= by thread (0,0,0) in block (0,0,0)

========= Address 0x4001076e0 is out of bounds

ERROR SUMMARY: 160 errors


Also , some times (if i use only threads and not blocks (i haven't test it for blocks) ) if for example i have numPointsRs=1000 and numPointsRp=100 and then change the numPointsRp=200 and then again change the numPointsRp=100 i am not taking the first results!

import pycuda.gpuarray as gpuarray
import pycuda.autoinit
from pycuda.compiler import SourceModule
import numpy as np
import cmath
import pycuda.driver as drv

for k in range (numPointsRs): 

for k in range (numPointsRp): 

#---- Initialization and passing(allocate memory and transfer data) to GPU -------------------------



mod =SourceModule("""
#include <pycuda-complex.hpp>
#include <cmath>
#include <vector>
#define RowRsSize %(numrs)d
#define RowRpSize %(numrp)d

typedef  pycuda::complex<float> cmplx;
extern "C"{

    __device__ void computeEvec(float Rs_mat[][3], int numPointsRs,   
         cmplx J[][3],
         cmplx M[][3],
         float *Rp,
         cmplx kp, 
         cmplx eta,
         cmplx *Evec,
         cmplx *Hvec, cmplx *All)


    while (c<numPointsRs){


__global__  void computeEHfields(float *Rs_mat_, int numPointsRs,   
        float *Rp_mat_, int numPointsRp,    
    cmplx *J_,
    cmplx *M_,
    cmplx  kp, 
    cmplx  eta,
    cmplx E[][3],
    cmplx H[][3], cmplx *All )
        float Rs_mat[RowRsSize][3];
        float Rp_mat[RowRpSize][3];

        cmplx J[RowRsSize][3];
        cmplx M[RowRsSize][3];

    int k=threadIdx.x+blockIdx.x*blockDim.x;

      while (k<numPointsRp)  

        computeEvec( Rs_mat, numPointsRs,  J, M, Rp_mat[k], kp, eta, E[k], H[k], All );



"""% { "numrs":numPointsRs, "numrp":numPointsRp},no_extern_c=1)

func = mod.get_function("computeEHfields")

func(Rs_gpu,np.int32(numPointsRs),Rp_gpu,np.int32(numPointsRp),J_gpu, M_gpu, np.complex64(kp), np.complex64(eta),Evec_gpu,Hvec_gpu, All_gpu, block=(128,1,1),grid=(200,1))

print(" \n")

#----- get data back from GPU-----

--------------------GPU MODEL------------------------------------------------

Device 0: "GeForce GTX 560"
  CUDA Driver Version / Runtime Version          4.20 / 4.10
  CUDA Capability Major/Minor version number:    2.1
  Total amount of global memory:                 1024 MBytes (1073283072 bytes)
  ( 0) Multiprocessors x (48) CUDA Cores/MP:     0 CUDA Cores   //CUDA Cores    336 => 7 MP and 48 Cores/MP
asked on Stack Overflow Aug 28, 2012 by George • edited Sep 15, 2012 by George

2 Answers


Using R=1000 and then

block=R/2,1,1 and grid=1,1 everything ok

If i try R=10000 and

block=R/20,1,1 and grid=20,1 ,then it show me "out of memory"

I'm not familiar with pycuda and didn't read into your code too deeply. However you have more blocks and more threads, so it will

  • local memory (probably the kernel's stack, it's allocated per thread),

  • shared memory (allocated per block), or

  • global memory that gets allocated based on grid or gridDim.

You can reduce the stack size calling

cudeDeviceSetLimit(cudaLimitStackSize, N));

(the code is for the C runtime API, but the pycuda equivalent shouldn't be too hard to find).

answered on Stack Overflow Aug 31, 2012 by Dude • edited Jun 20, 2020 by Community

When i use numPointsRp>2000 it show me "out of memory"

Now we have some real code to work with, let's compile it and see what happens. Using RowRsSize=2000 and RowRpSize=200 and compiling with the CUDA 4.2 toolchain, I get:

nvcc -arch=sm_21 -Xcompiler="-D RowRsSize=2000 -D RowRpSize=200" -Xptxas="-v" -c -I./ 
ptxas info    : Compiling entry function '_Z15computeEHfieldsPfiS_iPN6pycuda7complexIfEES3_S2_S2_PA3_S2_S5_S3_' for 'sm_21'
ptxas info    : Function properties for _Z15computeEHfieldsPfiS_iPN6pycuda7complexIfEES3_S2_S2_PA3_S2_S5_S3_
    122432 bytes stack frame, 0 bytes spill stores, 0 bytes spill loads
ptxas info    : Used 57 registers, 84 bytes cmem[0], 168 bytes cmem[2], 76 bytes cmem[16]

The key numbers are 57 registers and 122432 bytes stack frame per thread. The occupancy calculator suggests that a block of 512 threads will have a maximum of 1 block per SM, and your GPU has 7 SM. This gives a total of 122432 * 512 * 7 = 438796288 bytes of stack frame (local memory) to run your kernel, before you have allocated a single of byte of memory for input and output using pyCUDA. On a GPU with 1Gb of memory, it isn't hard to imagine running out of memory. Your kernel has a enormous local memory footprint. Start thinking about ways to reduce it.

As I indicated in comments, it is absolutely unclear why every thread needs a complete copy of the input data in this kernel code. It results in a gigantic local memory footprint and there seems to be absolutely no reason why the code should be written in this way. You could, I suspect, modify the kernel to something like this:

typedef  pycuda::complex<float> cmplx;
typedef float fp3[3];
typedef cmplx cp3[3];

void computeEHfields2(
        float *Rs_mat_, int numPointsRs,
        float *Rp_mat_, int numPointsRp,
        cmplx *J_,
        cmplx *M_,
        cmplx  kp, 
        cmplx  eta,
        cmplx E[][3],
        cmplx H[][3], 
        cmplx *All )

    fp3 * Rs_mat = (fp3 *)Rs_mat_;
    cp3 * J = (cp3 *)J_;
    cp3 * M = (cp3 *)M_;

    int k=threadIdx.x+blockIdx.x*blockDim.x;
    while (k<numPointsRp)  
        fp3 * Rp_mat = (fp3 *)(Rp_mat_+k);
        computeEvec2( Rs_mat, numPointsRs, J, M, *Rp_mat, kp, eta, E[k], H[k], All );

and the main __device__ function it calls to something like this:

__device__ void computeEvec2(
        fp3 Rs_mat[], int numPointsRs,   
        cp3 J[],
        cp3 M[],
        fp3   Rp,
        cmplx kp, 
        cmplx eta,
        cmplx *Evec,
        cmplx *Hvec, 
        cmplx *All)

and eliminate every byte of thread local memory without changing the functionality of the computational code at all.

answered on Stack Overflow Sep 1, 2012 by talonmies • edited Sep 2, 2012 by talonmies

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